Three types of instruction are implemented:
Students identified as having dyslexia in grades 2 – 12 are served with one of the following interventions (all of which meet the descriptors according to the State of Texas Dyslexia Procedures Handbook):
- Early intervention interventions for grades K-1 include: Phonemic Awareness in Young Children, Earobics, Lexia, and/or other appropriate research-based intervention.
- Alpha-phonics (grades 2 – 6)
- Language Science (grades 7 – 12)
- The research-based curriculum used in grades 2-12 is Take Flight (Texas Scottish Rite Hospital) or Phonics Blitz (Really Great Reading)
Schedule of classes:
- Approximately 6 students per class
- Scheduled 45 min. to 1 hour per day, 5 days per week
- Elementary program is a "pull-out" situation
- Secondary program is a scheduled class - reading or elective.
- Early Intervention Programs are implemented by campus & student need.
Time line for instruction
- Early Intervention Programs are generally for the duration of K and 1st grade, as long as needed by the student.
- Alpha-phonics is usually completed in 3 years.
- Language Science can usually be completed in 3 or 4 semesters.
The major instructional strategies used in the Dyslexia Program in Wylie ISD utilize individualized, intensive, multisensory methods, containing writing and spelling components, and include the following descriptors:
- Graphophonemic Knowledge - explicit, synthetic, and analytic phonics
- Linguistic - patterns of language
- Meaning based - purposeful reading and writing
- Multisensory - simultaneous use of more than one sensory pathway
- Phonemic Awareness - detect, segment, blend, and manipulate sounds in spoken language
- Process Oriented - decoding & encoding which lead to word recognition, fluency, and comprehension
- Language Structure - morphology, semantics, syntax, and pragmatics
- Explicit and Direct Instruction - systematic, sequential, and cumulative
- Individualized Instruction - small group instruction to meet the needs of individual students
- Intensive, Highly Concentrated Instruction - containing components of Instruction mandated in 19 TAC §74.28