In Grade 7, students examine every era of Texas history from early times to the present. Students will -
- Identify key individuals, events, and issues and their impact on Texas history.
- Identify the regions of Texas and the distribution of population within and among the regions and explain the factors that caused Texas to change from an agrarian to an urban society.
- Describe the structure and functions of municipal, county, and state governments, explain the influence of the U.S. Constitution on the Texas Constitution, and examine the rights and responsibilities of Texas citizens.
- Use primary and secondary sources to examine the rich and diverse cultural background of Texas as they identify the different racial and ethnic groups that settled in Texas to build a republic and then a state.
- Analyze the impact of scientific discoveries and technological innovations on the development of Texas in various industries such as agricultural, energy, medical, computer, and aerospace.
In Grade 8, students study the history of the United States from the early colonial period through Reconstruction. Students will -
- Focus on the political, economic, religious, and social events and issues related to the colonial and revolutionary eras, the creation and ratification of the U.S. Constitution, challenges of the early republic, the Age of Jackson, westward expansion, sectionalism, Civil War, and Reconstruction.
- Describe the physical characteristics of the United States and their impact on population distribution and settlement patterns in the past and present.
- Analyze the various economic factors that influenced the development of colonial America and the early years of the republic and identify the origins of the free enterprise system.
- Examine the American beliefs and principles, including limited government, checks and balances, federalism, separation of powers, and individual rights, reflected in the U.S. Constitution and other historical documents.
- Evaluate the impact of Supreme Court cases and major reform movements of the 19th century and examine the rights and responsibilities of citizens of the United States as well as the importance of effective leadership in a constitutional republic.
- Evaluate the impact of scientific discoveries and technological innovations on the development of the United States.